Research - Publications

LiMF is involved in research related to small reserve management. The following is a list of publications that may be of interest to LiMF members.

NB Links are provided to official sources of all publications. Some are open access, however some will require a subscription for access. If you are having trouble accessing an article that you are interested in reading, please contact info@limf.co.za and we will be happy to assist you.

LiMF publications:

McEvoy OK, Miller SM, Beets W, Bodasing T, Borrego N, Burger A, Courtenay B, Ferreira S, Hanekom C, Hofmeyr M, Packer C, Robertson D, Stratford K, Slotow R, Parker DM. 2019. The use of contraceptive techniques in managed wild African lion (Panthera leo) populations to mimic open system cub recruitment. Wildl Res; 46(5): 398-408
https://doi.org/10.1071/WR18079

Miller SM, Bissett C, Burger A, Courtenay B, Dickerson T, Druce DJ, et al. 2013. Management of reintroduced lions in small, fenced reserves in South Africa: An assessment and guidelines. S Afr J Wildl Res; 43: 138-54
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC143727

Other publications that may be of interest to managers (red indicates LiMF member):

Hutchinson, A. and Roberts, D.L., 2020. Differentiating captive and wild African lion (Panthera leo) populations in South Africa, using stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis. Biodiversity and Conservation, pp.1-19. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-020-01972-0
 
Miller, S.M., Druce, D.J., Dalton, D.L., Harper, C.K., Kotze, A., Packer, C., Slotow, R. and Bloomer, P., 2020. Genetic rescue of an isolated African lion population. Conservation Genetics21(1), pp.41-53. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-019-01231-y
 
Braczkowski, A., Gopalaswamy, A.M., Nsubuga, M., Allan, J., Biggs, D. and Maron, M., 2020. Detecting early warnings of pressure on an African lion (Panthera leo) population in the Queen Elizabeth Conservation Area, Uganda. Ecological Solutions and Evidence1(1), p.e12015.  https://doi.org/10.1002/2688-8319.12015
 
Sibanda, L., van der Meer, E., Hughes, C., Macdonald, E.A., Hunt, J.E., Parry, R.H., Dlodlo, B., Macdonald, D.W. and Loveridge, A.J., 2020. Exploring perceptions of subsistence farmers in northwestern Zimbabwe towards the African lion (Panthera leo) in the context of local conservation actions. African Journal of Wildlife Research50(1). https://doi.org/10.3957/056.050.0102
 
Ferreira, S.M. and Funston, P., 2020. African Lion and Spotted Hyaena Changes in Kruger National Park, South Africa. African Studies Quarterly19(2), pp.37-50. https://asq.africa.ufl.edu/files/V19i2a3.pdf
 
Weckworth, J.K., Davis, B.W., Dubovi, E., Fountain‐Jones, N., Packer, C., Cleaveland, S., Craft, M.E., Eblate, E., Schwartz, M., Mills, L.S. and Roelke‐Parker, M., 2020. Cross‐species transmission and evolutionary dynamics of canine distemper virus during a spillover in African lions of Serengeti National Park. Molecular Ecologyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15449
 
Booth, V.R., Masonde, J., Simukonda, C. and Cumming, D.H., 2020. Managing hunting quotas of African lions (Panthera leo): A case study from Zambia. Journal for Nature Conservation, p.125817. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125817
 
Abade, L., Cusack, J., Moll, R.J., Strampelli, P., Dickman, A.J., Macdonald, D.W. and Montgomery, R.A., 2020. The relative effects of prey availability, anthropogenic pressure and environmental variables on lion (Panthera leo) site use in Tanzania’s Ruaha landscape during the dry season. Journal of Zoology310(2), pp.135-144. https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12731
 
Barnardo, T., Tambling, C.J., Davies, A.B., Klein-Snakenborg, S., Asner, G.P., le Roux, E., Cromsigt, J.P., Druce, D.J. and Kerley, G.I., 2020. Opportunistic feeding by lions: non-preferred prey comprise an important part of lion diets in a habitat where preferred prey are abundant. Mammal Research, pp.1-9. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13364-020-00481-3
 
McCubbin, S.G., 2020. The Cecil Moment: Celebrity environmentalism, Nature 2.0, and the cultural politics of lion trophy hunting. Geoforum108, pp.194-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2019.10.015
 
Beattie, K., Olson, E.R., Kissui, B., Kirschbaum, A. and Kiffner, C., 2020. Predicting livestock depredation risk by African lions (Panthera leo) in a multi-use area of northern Tanzania. European Journal of Wildlife Research66(1), p.11. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-019-1348-5
 
Beukes, M., Radloff, F.G. and Ferreira, S.M., 2020. Spatial and seasonal variation in lion (Panthera leo) diet in the southwestern Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. African Journal of Wildlife Research50(1), pp.55-68. https://doi.org/10.3957/056.050.0055
 
Dolrenry, S., Hazzah, L. and Frank, L., 2020. Corridors of tolerance through human-dominated landscapes facilitate dispersal and connectivity between populations of African lions Panthera leo. Oryx, pp.1-4. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605319000656
 
Comley, J., Joubert, C.J., Mgqatsa, N. and Parker, D.M., 2020. Lions do not change rivers: complex African savannas preclude top-down forcing by large carnivores. Journal for Nature Conservation, p.125844. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125844
 
Dagorne, D., Kanté, A. and Rose, J.B., 2020. A citizen science approach to monitoring of the Lion Panthera leo (Carnivora: Felidae) population in Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal. Journal of Threatened Taxa12(1), pp.15091-15105. https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.5549.12.1.15091-15105
 
Ferreira, S.M., Beukes, B.O., Haas, T.C. and Radloff, F.G., 2020. Lion (Panthera leo) demographics in the south‐western Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. African Journal of Ecologyhttps://doi.org/10.1111/aje.12728
 
Gayo, L., Nahonyo, C.L. and Masao, C.A., 2020. Socioeconomic Factors Influencing Local Community Perceptions Towards Lion Conservation: A Case of the Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. Journal of Asian and African Studies, p.0021909620929382. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021909620929382
 
Callealta, I., Ganswindt, A. and Lueders, I., 2020. Reproductive cycle stage assessment using vaginal cytology evaluation in African lions (Panthera leo). Animal Reproduction Science213, p.106260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2019.106260
 
Grobbelaar, D., 2020. The White Lion as Symbol of the Archetype of the Self and the Cannibalization of the Self in Canned Hunting. Jung Journal14(2), pp.11-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/19342039.2020.1742550
 
Coals, P., Moorhouse, T.P., D’Cruze, N.C., Macdonald, D.W. and Loveridge, A.J., 2020. Preferences for lion and tiger bone wines amongst the urban public in China and Vietnam. Journal for Nature Conservation, 57: p.125874. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnc.2020.125874
 
Braczkowski, A., Gopalaswamy, A.M., Elliot, N.B., Possingham, H.P., Bezzina, A., Maron, M., Biggs, D. and Allan, J.R., 2020. Restoring Africa’s Lions: Start with good counts. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution8, p.138. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2020.00138
 
Gayo, L., Nahonyo, C.L. and Masao, C.A., 2020. Will the sustainability of lion tourist hunting be certain amidst non compliance to conservation legal frameworks? A case of Selous Game Reserve, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Sociology6: pp. 122-145. https://journals.udsm.ac.tz/index.php/tjsociology/article/view/3437/3358

Davidson-Phillips S, Davidson-Phillips P, Canning G, Schroder B, Swart J, Burger A. 2019. Canine Distemper Virus Management in Lions (Panthera leo) on Welgevonden Game Reserve. Afr J Wildl Res; 49: 155
https://doi.org/10.3957/056.049.0155

Miller SM, Druce DJ, Dalton DL, Harper CK, Kotze A, Slotow R, Bloomer P. 2019. Genetic rescue of an isolated African lion population. Conserv Genet; https://doi.org/10.1007/s10592-019-01231-y

Gigliotti LC, Slotow R, Hunter LTB, Fattebert J, Sholto-Douglas C, Jackowski DS. 2019. Context-dependency of top-down, bottom-up, and density-dependent influences on cheetah density. J Anim Ecol
https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.13099

Dures SG, Carbone C, Loveridge AJ, Maude G, Midlane N, Aschenborn O, Gottelli D. 2019. A century of decline: Loss of genetic diversity in a southern African lion-conservation stronghold. Diversity and Distributions; 25: 870-879
https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12905

Briers-Louw WD, Verschueren S, Leslie AJ. 2019. Big cats return to Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi: evaluating reintroduction success. Afr J Wildl Res; 49: 34-50. doi: https://doi.org/10.3957/056.049.0034
https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-130fa58b1b

Power RJ, Van der Merwe V, Page-Nicholson S, Botha MV, Dell S, Nel P. 2019. A note on the reestablishment of the cheetah population in the Pilanesberg National Park, South Africa. Afr J Wildl Res; 49: 12-15. doi: https://doi.org/10.3957/056.049.0012
https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-130f839d90

Pekor A, Miller JRB, Flyman MV, Kasiki S, Miller SM, Uiseb K, van der Merve V, Lindsey, PA. 2019. Fencing Africa’s protected areas: Costs, benefits, and management issues. Biol Conserv; 229: 67-75. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2018.10.030
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320718306578

Yiu SW, Karczmarski L, Parrini F, Keith M. 2018. Resource selection in reintroduced lions and the influence of intergroup interactions. J Zool; 307(2): 111-124 https://doi.org/10.1111/jzo.12620
https://zslpublications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jzo.12620

Snyman A, Raynor E, Chizinski C, Powell L, Carroll J. 2018. African lion (Panthera leo) space use in the Greater Mapungubwe Transfontier Conservation Area. Afr J Wildl Res; 48: 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.3957/056.048.023001
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC-e307e2399

Ralls K, Ballou JD, Dudash MR, Eldridge MDB, Fenster CB, Lacy RC, Sunnucks P, Frankham R. 2018. Call for a paradigm shift in the genetic management of fragmented populations. Conserv Letters; 11: e12412 doi: 10.1111/conl.12412
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/conl.12412/full

Williams, VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DW. 2017. A roaring trade? The legal trade in Panthera leo bones from Africa to East-Southeast Asia. PLoSONE. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0185996
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0185996

Williams, VL, Loveridge AJ, Newton DJ, Macdonald DW. 2017. Questionnaire survey of the pan-African trade in lion body parts. PLoSONE. doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187060
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0187060

Lindsey PA, Petracca LS, Funston PJ, Bauer H, Dickman A, Everatt K, Flyman M, Henschel P, Hinks AE, Kasiki S, Loveridge A, Macdonald DW, Mandisodza R, Mgoola W, Miller SM, Nazerali S, Siege L, Uiseb K, Hunter LTB. 2017. The performance of African protected areas for lions and their prey. Biol Conserv; 207: 137-149 doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2017.01.011
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320716305481

Yiu S-W, Parrini F, Karczmarski L, Keith M. 2016. Home range establishment and utilization by reintroduced lions (Panthera leo) in a small South African wildlife reserve. Integr Zool; 12(4): 318-332 doi:10.1111/1749-4877.12243
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1749-4877.12243/epdf

Swanson A, Arnold T, Kosmala M, Forester J, Packer C. 2016. In the absence of a “landscape of fear”: How lions, hyenas, and cheetahs coexist. Ecol Evol. Doi: 10.1002/ece3.2569
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ece3.2569/full

Loveridge AJ, Valeix M, Chapron G, Davidson Z, Mtare G, Macdonald DW. 2016. Conservation of large predator populations: Demographic and spatial responses of African lions to the intensity of trophy hunting. Biol Conserv. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.10.024
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320716306504

Clements HS, Cumming GS. 2016. Positives and pathologies of natural resource management on private land conservation areas. Conserv Biol. Doi:10.1111/cobi.12864.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.12864/full

Trinkel M, Fleischmann PH, Slotow R. 2016. Electrifying the fence or living with consequences? Problem animal control threatens the long-term viability of a free-ranging lion population. J Zool. Doi: 10.1111/jzo.12387
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jzo.12387/full

Bertschinger HJ, Caldwell P. 2016. Fertility suppression of some wildlife species in southern Africa – a review. Reprod Domest Anim. DOI: 10.1111/rda.12783
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/rda.12783/full

Davies AB, Tambling CJ, Kerley GIH, Asner GP. 2016. Limited spatial response to direct predation risk by African herbivores following predator reintroduction. Ecol Evol. doi: 10.1002/ece3.2312.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ece3.2312/full

Bertola LD, Jongloed H, van der Gaag KJ, de Knifjj P, Yamagushi N, Hooghimstra H, Bauer H, Henschel P, White PA, Driscoll CA, Tende T, Ottosson U, Saidu Y, Vrieling K, de Iongh HH. 2016. Phylogeographic patterns in Africa and high resolution delineation of genetic clades in the lion (Panthera leo). Sci Reports; 6: 30807. doi:101038/srep30807.
http://www.nature.com/articles/srep30807

Clements HS, Cumming GS, Kerley GIH. 2016. Predators on private land: broad-scale socioeconomic interactions influence large predator management. EcolSoc; 21:45. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-08607-210245.
http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol21/iss2/art45/

Miller SM, Harper CK, Bloomer P, Hofmeyr J, Funston PJ. 2015. Fenced and fragmented: Conservation value of managed metapopulations. PlOS ONE; 10: e0144605. doi:10.137/journal.pone.0144605.
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0144605

Biodiversity Management Plan for the lion (Panthera leo) in South Africa. 2015. Government Gazette. No. 38706.
https://www.environment.gov.za/sites/default/files/gazetted_notices/nemba_africanlion_managementplan_gn351g38706.pdf

Miller SM, Tambling CJ, Funston PJ. 2015. GrowLS: Lion (Panthera leo) population growth simulation for small reserve management planning. Afr J Wildl Res; 45: 169-177.
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC175541

Williams V, Newton, D, Loveridge A, Macdonald D. 2015 Bones of Contention: An assessment of the South African trade in African Lion Panthera leo bones and other body parts. TRAFFIC, Cambridge UK & WildCRU, Oxford UK
https://www.traffic.org/site/assets/files/2474/bones_of_contention_report.pdf

Ferreira SM, Hofmeyr M. 2014. Managing charismatic carnivores in spatially restricted areas: Large felids in South Africa. S Afr J Wildl Res; 44: 32-42.
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC151626

Miller SM, Funston PJ. 2014. Rapid growth rates of lion (Panthera leo) populations in small, fenced reserves in South Africa: a management dilemma. S Afr J Wildl Res; 44: 43-55.
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC151625

Miller SM, Harper CK, Bloomer P, Hofmeyr J, Funston PJ. Evaluation of microsatellite markers for population studies and forensic identification of African lions (Panthera leo). 2014. J Hered; 105: 762-72.
http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/08/23/jhered.esu054.full

Tambling CJ, Ferreira SM, Adendorff J, Kerley GIH. 2013. Lessons from management interventions: consequences for lion-buffalo interactions. S Afr J Wildl Res; 43(1):1-11. 2013. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3957/056.043.0116.
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC137249

Funston PJ, Groom RJ, Lindsey PA. 2013. Insights into the management of large carnivores for profitable wildlife-based land uses in African savannas. PlOS ONE; 8: e59044. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0059044.
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0059044

Packer C, Loveridge A, Canney S, Caro T, Garnett ST, Pfeifer M, Zander KK, Swanson A, Macnulty D, Balme G, Bauer H, Begg CM, Begg KS, Bhalla S, Bissett C, Bodasing T, Brink H, Burger A, Burton AC, Clegg B, Dell S, Delsink A, Dickerson T, Dloniak SM, Druce D, Frank L, Funston P, Gichohi N, Groom R, Hanekom C, Heath B, Hunter L, Deiongh HH, Joubert CJ, Kasiki SM, Kissui B, Knocker W, Leathem B, Lindsey PA, Maclennan SD, McNutt JW, Miller SMNaylor S, Nel P, Ng’weno C, Nicholls K, Ogutu JO, Okot-Omoya E, Patterson BD, Plumptre A, Salerno J, Skinner K, Slotow R, Sogbohossou EA, Stratford KJ, Winterbach C, Winterbach H, Polasky S. 2013. Conserving large carnivores: dollars and fence. Ecol Letters; 16: 635-41.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12091

Di Minin E, Fraser I, Slotow R, MacMillan DC. 2012. Understanding heterogeneous preferences of tourists for big game species: implications for conservation and management. Anim Conserv; doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00595.x.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2012.00595.x/abstract

Trinkel M, Funston P, Hofmeyr M, Hofmeyr D, Dell S, Packer C, Slotow R. 2010. Inbreeding and density-dependent population growth in a small, isolated lion population. Anim Conser; 13: 374-382. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00344.x.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2009.00344.x/abstract

Slotow R, Hunter LTB. 2009. Reintroduction decisions taken at the incorrect social scale devalue their conservation contribution: the African lion in South Africa. In: Hayward MW, Somers MJ, editors. Reintroduction of Top-Order Predators. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; pp. 41-73.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/9781444312034.ch3/summary

Funston PJ. 2008. Conservation and management of lions in Southern Africa: Status, threats, utilization and the restoration option. In: Croes B, Deiongh HH, Bauer H, editors. Management and Conservation of Large Carnivores in West and Central Africa. Leiden: Institute of Environmental Sciences; pp. 109-31.

Lehmann MB, Funston PJ, Owen CR, Slotow R. 2008. Home range utilisation and territorial behaviour of lions (Panthera leo) on Karongwe Game Reserve, South Africa. PlOS ONE; 3: e3998. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003998.
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0003998

Lehmann MB, Funston PJ, Owen CR, Slotow R. 2008. Feeding behaviour of lions (Panthera leo) on a small reserve. S Afr J Wildl Res; 38: 66-78.
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC117278

Lehmann MB, Funston PJ, Owen CR, Slotow R. 2008. Reproductive biology of a pride of lions on Karongwe Game Reserve, South Africa. Afr Zool; 43: 230-236.
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC18082

Bertschinger HJ, de Barros Vaz Guimarāes, Trigg TE, Human A. 2008. The use of delorelin implants for the long-term contraception of lionesses and tigers. Wildl Res; 35: 525-530.
http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/WR07141.htm

Trinkel M, Ferguson N, Reid A, Reid C, Somers M, Turelli L, et al. 2008. Translocating lions into an inbred lion population in the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park, South Africa. Anim Conserv; 11: 138-43.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2008.00163.x/abstract

Hunter LTB, Pretorius K, Carlisle LC, Rickelton M, Walker C, Slotow R, et al. 2007. Restoring lions Panthera leo to northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: short-term biological and technical success but equivocal long-term conservation. Oryx; 41: 196-204.
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltexttype=1&fid=1022320&jid=ORX&volumeId=41&issueId=02&aid=1022316

Hayward MW, O’Brien J, Kerley GIH. 2007. Carrying capacity of large African predators: Predictions and tests. Biol Conserv; 139: 219-229.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320707002595

Hayward MW, O’Brien J, Hofmeyr M, Kerley GIH. 2007. Testing predictions of the prey of lion (Panthera leo) derived from modelled prey preferences. J Wildl Manag; 71: 1567-1575. DOI: 10.2193/2006-264
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2193/2006-264/abstract

Hayward MW, Adendorff J, O’Brien J, Sholto-Douglas A, Bissett C, Moolman LC, Bean P, Fogarty A, Howarth D, Slater R, Kerley GIH. 2007. Practical consideratinos for the reintroduction of large, terrestrial, mammalian predators based on reintroductinos to South Africa’s Eastern Cape province. Open Conserv Biol; 1: 1-11.
http://benthamopen.com/ABSTRACT/TOCONSBJ-1-1

Hayward MW, Adendorff J, O’Brien J, Sholto-Douglas A, Bissett C, Moolman LC, Bean P, Fogarty A, Howarth D, Slater R, Kerley GIH. 2007. The reintroduction of large carnivores to the Eastern Cape, South Africa: an assessment. Oryx; 41: 205-214. doi:10.1017/S0030605307001767.
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstractfromPage=online&aid=1022348&fileId=S0030605307001767

IUCN/SSC Cat Specialist. 2006. Regional Lion Conservation Strategy for the lion Panthera leo in eastern and southern Africa. Gaberone: IUCN – Regional Office of Southern Africa.
https://www.environment.gov.za/sites/default/files/docs/pantheraleo_conservationstrategy_regionalafrica.pdf

Druce D, Genis H, Braak J, Greatwood S, Delsink A, Kettles R, Hunter L, Slotow R. 2004. Prey selection by a reintroduced lion population in the Greater Makalali Conservancy, South Africa. Afr Zool; 39: 273-284.
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/15627020.2004.11657223

Druce D, Genis H, Braak J, Greatwood S, Delsink A, Kettles R, Hunter L, Slotow R. 2004. Population demography and spatial ecology of a reintroduced lion population in the Greater Makalali Conservancy, South Africa. Koedoe; 47: 103-118.
http://www.koedoe.co.za/index.php/koedoe/article/view/64/0

Power RJ. 2003 Evaluating how many lions a small reserve can sustain. S Afr J Wildl Res; 33: 3-11.
http://hdl.handle.net/10520/EJC117162

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